Clann Camshron, Na Camshronaich
Crest: (old): A dexter arm embowed in armour, the hand grasping a sword, all proper, encircled by a belt and buckle.
(current): A sheaf of five arrows, proper, tied with a band, gules, encircled by a belt and buckle.
Motto: old): Mo Righ ‘s Mo Dhuchaich (For King and Country).
(current): Aonaibh Ri Chéile (Let Us Unite).
War cry: Chlanna nan con thigibh a so’s gheibh sibh feoil (Sons Of The Hounds, Come Hither And Get Flesh)
Region – Highlands
District – Lochaber
Plant badge – crowberry, or oak
Donald Angus Cameron of Lochiel
The 27th Chief of Clan Cameron (Mac Dhòmhnaill Dubh [maxkˈɣõː.əl̪ˠtuh])
Seat – Achnacarry Castle
Historic seat – Tor Castle
Septs of Clan Cameron:
Chambers, Chalmers, Clark, Clarke, Clarkson, Cleary, Clerk, Dowie, Gibbon, Grimesey, Kennedy, Krywonis, Leary, Lokcick, Lonbie, Lonie, MacAldowie, MacAlonie, MacChlerich, MacChlery, MacClair, MacClerie, MacElhaney, MacGillery, MacGillonie, MacIldowie, MacKail, MacKell, MacLear, MacLeary,
MacLerie, MacMartin, MacOnie, MacOstrich, MacOurlic, MacPhail, MacSorley, MacUlric, MacUlrig, MacVail, MacWalrick, Martin, Paul, Sorley, Sorlie, Taylor
The above similar surnames are “anglicized” versions of the Gaelic “Mac a’ Chlerich/Cleireach”; son of the cleric or, sometimes, clerk. Those of Irish origins are usually of the surname Clarke, which is “Cleary” when anglicized, or Laoghaire, which is “Leary” when anglicized. This sept is considered to have an ecclesiastical origin, as the name denotes. Outside of Lochaber this sept is “claimed” as part of Clan Chattan, more specifically, Clan Mackintosh.
Near Lundavra, east of Loch Linnhe and south-west of Ben Nevis in Nether Lochaber is a place named Blar nan Chleireach, otherwise known as “The Field of the Clerks.” This place name is known to have existed prior to the mid-sixteenth century, when Donald “The Taillear Dubh” Cameron was brought up here by his foster parents. The Gaelic version of the surname, Mac a’ Chlerich/Mac a’ Cleireach, supports this theory, in that they are strikingly similar to the place name. In recent years there have been similar claims of place name-surname “connections” within Clan Cameron. Only recently was it brought to light that the surname Stronach, taken from the Camerons of Strone, is a valid Cameron sept.
Curiously, Blar nan Chleireach is not part of the disputed lands between Clan Cameron and Clan Mackintosh. It may be that the Mac a’ Chlerichs, who are known to be adherents to both Lochiel and Mackintosh, split internally within their ranks. Those who remained loyal to Lochiel may have left the disputed lands near Glen Loy, settling further from potential retribution from the Mackintoshes, yet within Lochiel’s sphere of protection. There is precedent to suggest that this may have been possible, in that during this era these “splits” within a clan were not uncommon.
There is evidence to suggest that segments of both Clan Cameron and Clan Mackintosh remained loyal to the Lord of the Isles during the early-mid fifteenth century. If the Mac a’ Chlerichs “split” in a similar fashion, then this would explain the “claim” of the sept by both clans. If these residents of the “field of clerks” were “of Lundavra,” then they were among the most staunch supporters and adherents of the Camerons of Lochiel. In 1613, when the Camerons of Erracht and Glen Nevis revolted against Allan MacDonald Dubh Cameron, Sixteenth Chief, the Camerons of Lundavra, Callart and Culchenna were among Lochiel’s firmest supporters.
GILBERT, GILBERTSON, GIBBON
The surname Gilbert means “Bright Pledge”; with Gilbertson implying “Son of the Bright Pledge.” Gibbon is a double diminutive of Gilbert.
ameron of Lochiel (chiefs)
Cameron of Erracht (senior cadets)
Cameron of Callart
Cameron of Clunes
Cameron of Glen Nevis
Cameron of Fassifern
There are four basic tartans which are utilized by the Clan Cameron, each of which is usually found available in “modern” (bright and lively colors), “weathered” (softer hues) and “ancient” (supposedly more authentic colors) variations:
1) Basic Clan Cameron: This sixteen green squares upon a red background sett, with a bright yellow bordering, is for general use by all members of Clan Cameron. If one tartan had to be singled out for general use by Camerons worldwide, Basic Clan Cameron would be the one. As is the case with most clan tartans, this is one from the Vestiarium of Scoticum in 1834, which was accepted by the then Lochiel. It very much resembles an old red and green square sett in the West Highlands Museum in Fort William, although there are some variations.
2) Cameron of Lochiel: This red and blue tartan is similar to that worn by the 18th Chief, Donald “The Gentle Lochiel” Cameron in a portrait hanging at Achnacarry. It was first illustrated in 1810 in Wilson’s Collection. This is the personal tartan of the Chief and his immediate family; as a rule it should not be worn by clansfolk.
3) Cameron of Erracht: Said to have been designed by the wife of Donald, 7th of Erracht in 1793 (there are many theories as to its origin, none of which seem entirely satisfactory). This combination of the Cameron and MacDonald tartans uses a deep red, dark blue, green and a fine gold line. It was created for the use of the original 79th Regiment, later known as The Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders, raised in 1793 by their eldest son, General Sir Allan Cameron, K.C.B. Regardless of its origin, this tartan has been in use by The Cameron Highlanders since their late-eighteenth century inception. It is often used as a day or “hunting” tartan, because of its “serviceable” colors. At times it has been strictly reserved for use among the regiment, but is now in wide use among Clan Cameron. This tartan was not created as a tribal clothing specifically for the Erracht Camerons. Therefore, if any Cameron ancestors owned this tartan, it does not mean that they were Camerons of Erracht. Quite the contrary, it probably indicates a regimental affiliation or even a school uniform, as some Highland academic institutions required students to dress in this tartan.
4) Hunting Cameron (of Lochiel): With its soft shades of green and blue, this tartan is not listed as being restricted in its use. It was devised because the Basic Clan Cameron tartan was considered too bright for shootings, stalking and hiking. Designed in 1956, it was based on a description of the tartan worn by the clansmen who fought under Sir Ewen Cameron, 17th Chief, at the battle of Killiecrankie.